Pemba Reefs, Zanzibar


Pemba Reefs

Pemba Reefs Zanzibar Zanzibar

Emerald Reef
Maximum Depth: 30 meters
The visibility on this reef is about 30m and its name comes from the green coral covering the reef. It is positioned on the Southern most tip of Pemba and subject to heavy currents. There is a gentle slope from 7 - 30m where many big brown marbled grouper are found. Many varieties of fishlife are found between 20 - 25m with damselfish, goldies and fusiliers. A large school of giant barracuda frequent the area. On occasion hammerhead sharks have been seen.

Panza Wreck
Maximum Depth: 14 meters
A shallow dive on an old 100m long Greek freighter called the Paraportiani which sunk in 1969 lying on an inside passage between the outer and inner reefs. Frequent strong currents are present. Best visibility on a slack high when there is always a mild current present. The stern, which is intact, is positioned at a depth of 7 - 9 m while the bow lies in 12 - 14 m. A large helm is still in place. A great variety of fish can be discovered, with hundreds of glassfish, a resident juvenile napoleon wrasse, and abundant unicorn fish of different types, lionfish and trevally. Also full of diverse marine life such as crabs, nudibranchs, sponges and corals.

Samaki Reef
Maximum Depth: 20 meters
A large flat reef on the edge of the Pemba Channel, 20 m+ depth. Best for experienced divers as strong currents are common. Scattered unspoilt corals richly inhabited by diverse marine life. Look out for lobster, octopus and moray eels hiding amongst the bommies surrounded by large schools of trevally, surgeon fish and fusiliers.

Makarere Reef
Maximum Depth: 30 meters +
An undulating reef set on a sandy slope on Mesali's Southwestern edge. A series of coral hillocks extend from the top of the reef at 8 - 10 m depth to the bottom at more than 30 m. The corals are home to torpedo rays, moray eels and lobsters along with many reef fish while the sandy valleys are home to schools of surgeon and unicorn fish, roaming napoleon wrasse and large spotted eagle rays.

Misali Coral Garden - Razorback Reef
Maximum Depth: 45 meters
The coral garden runs North - South mainly conducted as a drift dive. At its Southernmost point the corals might not be at their best but turtles can be sighted here. The whole site has at lest three resident Napoleon Fish varying in size. The Razorback Reef and a further deep reef for experienced divers can be included on this dive. The inside face of the razorback reaches 30 m while the outside face reaches 40 m. Excellent fish life all around this reef. The deep reef can be looked at from the top at 45 m from where very large Napoleon Fish have been seen and a 2.5 m bull shark.

Misali Coral Mountain
Maximum Depth: 45 meters +
Rose coral dominates this beautiful mountainous site to which are attracted some unusual fish such as the leaf fish. Octopus and lobsters can be seen here and manta rays have been spotted passing through the area. Depths reach 80 m. Many other game fish such as dog tooth tuna, rainbow runner and trevally hunt on the mountain and blue striped fusiliers abound.

Maximum Depth: 45 meters +
This site has also had sightings of manta rays, big shoals of barracuda and sharks. Giant triggerfish live here in large numbers. They are Pemban triggers and are not aggressive.

Uvinje Gap
Maximum Depth: 40 meters
Stunning sheer wall dropping to over 40 m with breathtaking overhangs and numerous fish such as moorish idols, butterfly and angelfish hiding amongst the black corals commonplace in this area. Large groupers and napoleon wrasse can be spotted at depth. Plenty of life in the shallows with thousands of goldies playing amongst the large coral bommies.

Uvinje Outer Walls
Maximum Depth: 40 meters +
The coral on the North wall is in excellent condition with large gorgonians and fan corals surrounded by the thousands of ever-present goldies. Manta and spotted eagle rays are known to frequent the area as well as giant reef rays and hawksbill and green turtles. Schools of tuna and barracuda and large napoleon wrasse have been seen here. The top of the site starts at 7 m and in places terraces down to below 40 m. The South Wall starts at 6 m and drops again to 40 m+. Here again you may see Napoleon Fish, large grouper and some pelagics. Here let the current swing you into the gap along the spectacular sheer wall.

Fundu South Wall
Maximum Depth: 40 meters +
Strong currents can be present and as on many dives in Pemba only recommended for experienced divers. The reef lies from 5 m to 40 m +. Shallow caverns and sheer wall faces make up the topography of this wall with superb coral formations and plentiful fish life. Kingfish, jacks, barracuda and napoleons are present with humphead parrotfish and sweetlips swimming around the yellow fans.

Manta Point
Maximum Depth: 40 meters
A coral pinnacle reaching up from 40 m to within 8 m of the surface situated just outside the mouth of Fundu Gap. Due to its name you would expect typical luck to not provide manta ray sightings - however they do still come into this area occasionally to visit a cleaning station or cruising out of the blue at any depth. The pinnacle is covered in beautiful dense corals and drops dramatically on its Western side. The abundance of fish on this reef makes it a superb dive, one of the best - with or without the coveted manta ray. Circling the pinnacle you can watch the behavior of large jack fish, schools of surgeonfish and fusiliers, the occasional reef shark and turtle.

The Gauntlet
Maximum Depth: 25 meters
This exhilarating dive at Fundu Gap is best on an incoming tide dropping into the water at the top end of the reef at around 10 m where we can find a series of pretty coral bommies to swim over and down to 25 m where you will find yourself on top of the wall and being swept into the Gap and across the Gauntlet. This can be extremely quick so sit back and enjoy the ride. Interesting overhangs and rock formations caused by deep fissures into the cliff face are a spectacle.

Mandela Wall
Maximum Depth: 15 meters
The top of Mandela Wall is between 8 to 15 m deep and drops dramatically to 200 m + in some parts. The vertical drop is adorned with gorgonian sea fans and whip corals. Keep eyes peeled for large pelagics and also for the beautiful manta ray passing by.

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